Ayurveda is based on Pancha-mahabhutha theory and Tridosha theory. Ayurveda considers that everything in this universe is made up of five basic elements. These five elements are earth, water, fire, air and ether or space and collectively termed as Pancha-mahabhutha. Ayurveda believes that every living creature in the universe is made up of these five elements, which serve as the building blocks of life and that life does not exist without them. The change and the combination of these elements and its quantity in a given matter determine its properties. The Tridosha; Vata, Pitta, and Kapha are biological derivatives of the five basic elements present in the Universe.

Ayurveda offers treatment for routine ailments as well as chronic diseases, In Sri Lanka there are ell experienced physicians offer specialized therapeutic treatments to maintain good health. They recommend Ayurvedic therapeutic medications programs to cure, not just for the symptoms of the disease, but to the root cause of the health problems or imbalances. These recommended treatments primarily help to eliminate the excessively accumulated toxins which are the root cause various disorders and ailments afflicting the human body and also boost the body‘s Internal immune system to fight such build up. These treatments are generally extended for duration of 7 – 14 – 21 days but can be vary according to the specific requirements of an individual.

According to Ayurveda, everything is composed of five elements: air, water, fire, earth, and space. These elements combine to form the three Doshas, vata, Kapha, and pitta, or metabolic types. In Ayurveda, Doshas account for some of our individual differences.

The Vata Dosha is a mixture of space and air. It controls movement and is responsible for basic body processes such as breathing, cell division and circulation. Vata body areas are the large intestine, pelvis, bones, skin, ears, and thighs. People with vata as their main Dosha are believed to be quick-thinking, thin, and fast, and are prone to anxiety, dry skin, and constipation.

The Kapha Dosha represents the elements of water and earth. Kapha is believed to be responsible for strength, immunity, and growth. Kapha body areas are the chest, lungs, and spinal fluid. People with Kapha as their main Dosha are thought to be calm, have a solid body frame, and are susceptible to diabetes, obesity, sinus congestion, and gallbladder problems.

The Pitta Dosha combines fire and water. It is thought to control hormones and the digestive system. Pitta body areas are the small intestines, stomach, sweat glands, skin, blood, and eyes. People with pitta as their primary Dosha are thought to have a fiery personality, oily skin, and are prone to heart disease, stomach ulcers, inflammation, heartburn, and arthritis.

Imbalanced Doshas are believed to interrupt the natural flow of prana, or the vital energy. The disrupted energy flow is then thought to impair digestion and allow the build up of body waste, which further impairs energy and digestion.

The ancient science of Ayurveda recommends periodic internal cleansing or body detoxification and purification as the best way to maintain good health and prevent physical disorders. It is necessary to help your body flush out the toxins periodically to maintain and enhance the efficiency of organs in your body.

The following Panchakarma programs basically help in nourishing the body, revitalizing the nervous system, overcoming fatigue, promoting sound sleep, improving the sense of well being and increasing work efficiency. These programs take care of the problems like spondilitis, lower back pain, stress, insomnia, digestive problems etc.

Nasya comprises nasal breathing in of medicines which is effective in all ailments above the cervix and for diseases like paralysis, facial nerve paralysis, terrible headaches and other neurologic and psychiatrical diseases. The modern-day study analyzed discloses that the nasal mucous membrane absorbs medicines quicker than any other part of the body. This reality was known to the old Ayurvedic physicians who popularised this science. It is for this reason why 'Nasya' is suggested as very good ailments when in unconscious and coma conditions.

Virekaya (Therapeutic purgation)
Virekaya is the process of cleansing and eliminating of the intestines through the use of laxatives. It does away with extra bile toxins from the middle zone of the body. Therefore for many of the digestive ailments, people fall back to this form of primary cleaning of the body. If Virekaya is address the patient well it neutralizes ulcers, gastritis, jaundice, kidney complaints, intestinal gripes, and asthma.

Vamana (Therapeutic emesis)
This Shodhana therapy helps in eliminating accumulated Kapha Dosha from the body. In this procedure, special medication along with milk is given orally in the morning for detoxification.

Vasthi (Therapeutic enema)
The word Vasthi signifies bladder. Traditionally, cow or buffalo urinary bladders are filled up with medicated liquids and applied for enema. This is how the Ayurvedic treatment found its name. The bladder has now been substituted with advanced equipments.

As with all the other Panchakarma refining procedures, in Vasthi too, preliminary oil and sweat therapies are crucial. Lukewarm and freshly cooked Vasthi liquid is put into the colon via the rectum. No damage will happen even if the liquid stays inside the colon for long. Normally after 45 minutes or an hour the fluid will be ejected out, which will contains Amam and additional toxins along with the faecal matter. Vasthi applying oils added with medicinal herbs is called Anuvasana Vasthi and in which an herbal decoction is used is called Nirooha Vasthi. Vasthi is practised for unhealthiest intestinal colic’s, calculus, kidney stones, pain of the spleen and many additional diseases induced by a Vata disorder.  

Rakthamokshana is drawing out a small amount of blood from the vein to ease the tension produced by Pitta toxins in the blood. Toxins acquaint in the alimentary canal are drawn into the blood and passed on through the body. Bloodletting also arouses the spleen to create antitoxic contents and assists to energize the immune system. This Shodhana therapy helps in eliminating impurities from blood locally.

Abhyanga Ayurvedic Oil Massage 
  Abhyanga is a very important method in Ayurvedic treatment. It is an ancient massage treatment that detoxifies and reduces stress. It’s a unique procedure in which aromatic oil blended out of herbs that is prescribed according to your Dosha, is massaged to your body. The massage is in accordance to Ayurvedic way consisting of strokes and applying pressures along the energy channels in a downward motion in order to accelerate the flow of vital energy (Prana) to all areas of the body.
What Changes does Abhyanga bring to your body & mind?
  • The whole body is rejuvenated with this massage and delays aging process.
  • Your life span gets increased.
  • It is nourishes your mind and acts as a mind therapy.
  • Provides you good sleep relaxes your body.
  • Increases your stamina and removes fatigue.
  • Helps to control blood pressure and improves digestion.
  • Purifies your body and removes stiffness of muscles.
  • Improves your complexion and enhances skin radiance.
  • Removes negative thoughts from your mind.
Oushadhiya Vashpa Sweda /Ayurvedic Herbal Steam Bath  

Ayurvedic Steam Bath was prevalent from ancient times, and gained its benefits. This special treatment keeps medicinal plants simmered and the body is exposed to the resulting steam. Good in flushing out impurities from the body, reducing obesity as well as excess fat and in the treatment of skin diseases. After a body massage with oil you undergo this process. To step up the detoxification essential oils are used like lemon grass and eucalyptus oil.

Benefits of Herbal Steam Bath 
  • Removes skin acne by cleansing and dilating the pores and washing out accumulation.
  • Perfect for eliminating toxins from the body and will give a natural glow to the skin.
  • By inhalation of steam, your respiratory system is cleaned and can breathe easily.
  • It has a calming effect and relaxes your mind.
  • It helps to slow down aging process and drooping of the skin by stimulating it.
Your health will definitely improve by taking a steam bath. However if you have heart problem, acute rheumatoid arthritis, severe infections, skin problems and pregnancy better consult a physician before undergoing this.
Shirsha Abhyanga (Head and Face Massage) 
  Abhyanga is a very important method in Ayurvedic treatment. It is an ancient massage treatment that detoxifies and reduces stress. It’s a unique procedure in which aromatic oil blended out of herbs that is prescribed according to your Dosha, is massaged to your body. The massage is in accordance to Ayurvedic way consisting of strokes and applying pressures along the energy channels in a downward motion in order to accelerate the flow of vital energy (Prana) to all areas of the body.
Benefits of Head and Face Massage 
It is popular and common as a stress breaker, but also stimulates the body to recuperate and delays ailments and its progress also. According to Ayurveda the head area has the greatest density of Marma points and is a vital healing area; Our Ancient Ayurvedic System of Medicine says that it is one of the important places to massage as it has intense effect on the whole body. Curative for many medical conditions like Anxiety, Depression, Insomnia, Memory Loss, Stress, High Blood Pressure, Hair Loss, Chronic Fatigue and conditions of immense pain. Alleviate strain in the neck and shoulders.
  • Cure headache and relieves pain out of migraine.
  • Boosts hair growth and improves hair condition.
  • Lessen mental stress and tension.
  • Reduces toxins of the body.
  •  Good for eyes and ease stress.
  • Good for the respiratory system and strengthens the immune system.
  • Relief from sinusitis and nasal congestion.
  • Bring alertness to your body and mind.
  • Increases the energy level of the body.
This method of treatment is suitable for anybody from pregnant women (after first three months) babies, children, adults and old people. The areas that this is performed are on the upper back, shoulders, arms and hands, neck, scalp, face and ears and according to the requirement of the customer. Different strokes and movements are used in this massage which is completely stress-free.
Shirodhara Ayurvedic Massage 
Shirodhara – is to calm the nerves. Shiro means head and “Dhara” meaning flow. It is an ancient Ayurvedic practice which is practiced for about 5000 years. This is a unique concept meant to bring physical and emotional balance and the treatment method consist of dripping of oil to the forehead or third eye for a consistent period of time. It is an outstanding treatment for relieving mental stress and nervous tension. It acts on the mental layer or “Manomaya Kosha” as described in Ayurveda. The past  
incidents and impressions are held here and this creates troubled emotions and habitual imbalances or pattern of behaviour.
Shirodhara and its benefits  
  • It is a mental and emotional relaxation therapy.
  • Highly helpful for insomnia and schizophrenia.
  • Good for many diseases connected with the head, neck, eyes, ears, nose and throat.
  • Gives firmness to the body by stimulating the nervous system
  • Highly useful for many diseases of the nervous system like nerve disorder, facial palsy, paralysis and    drooping of eyelids.
  • Strengthens the neck and head.
  • Reduces headache and burning sensation of the head.
  • Revitalize the pituitary glands and cools the body.
  • Improves digestion and also the health of the skin.
  • Brings you spiritual awakening and increases intuition.
  • Controls mood swings and depression.
  • Your face is rejuvenated and removes worry lines in the face.
  • The quality of voice is improved.
The specialized forms of Shirodhara are the Thailadhara, Ksheeradhara, Takradhara and Jaladhara.
Shirovasthi Ayurvedic Oil Treatment 
  Shirovasthi is the process in which medicated oil is poured to your head and maintained in it for some time using a cap or bandage. Lukewarm herbal oils are held in the head for about 15 to 60 minutes according to the condition of the patient for a period of 7 to 14 days. This form of treatment removes dryness of nostrils, mouth and throat and removes facial paralysis, severe headache and other Vata troubles.

As mentioned above the oil is retained in the cap for about 45 minutes or more according to decision of the Doctor. Slowly the patient develops discharge through his nose and mouth then the oil is removed by slightly making a hole in the cap or bending the head. Meanwhile the palms, shoulders, ears etc. must be made warm by gently rubbing. Later fresh oil is applied to the head and body and then a bath.
Benefits of Shirovasthi 
  • Highly recommended for the treatment of head diseases.
  • Diseases of the eye due to the weakening of nerves.
  • Effective against Cervical Spondylosis.
  • Conditions of mental disorder and insanity.
  • For Facial Paralysis.
  • For ENT problems.
  • Dryness of the scalp and itching on the head.
  • For constant headache.
  • Burning sensation and certain skin ailments of the head.
Sarvanghadhara Ayurveda Massage 
Sarvanghadhara is a type of massage treatment which in the olden days known as the treatment of aristocrats because it was prescribed only for Maharajas and Rulers. Sarvanghadhara signifies Dhara given to the whole body.

Warm medicated oil is poured all over the body using a cloth dipped in oil and squeezing it. Along with it a gentle harmonized massage is carried out
by to 2 to 4 masseurs using this oil. The patient is made to sit on a special Ayurvedic seating made for this purpose and medicated oil is applied on the head and all over the body. At the starting and conclusion of the treatment the patient will be in the sitting posture. In the middle of the treatment he is made to lie down to perform the Shirodhara. To prevent the oil from entering the eyes, a cloth is tied in the forehead.
Benefits of Sarvanghadhara  
  • It is good treatment for relaxation of the body and rejuvenation.
  • In cases of sexual weakness it is very effective.
  • Helpful in the treatment of nervous weakness and strengthens the nerves.
  • It cures rheumatic pains.
  • Used as a therapy for vata imbalance.
  • It lessens hypertension.
  • Increases blood circulation and nourishes muscles.
  • For women in the treatment of uterine inertia and complaints associated with Menopause.
  • Used as a treatment to delay aging process.
  • Effective in the treatment of dislocation of joints and stiffness of joints.
Shiropichu Oil Treatment 
  Shiropichu Treatment - Cotton pad or gauze soaked in oil is placed on the head or Brahmrandra eye and it is kept moist with warm oil. A treatment prescribed for all types of hair falls, facial paralysis, burning sensation of the eyes and neurological disorders. The number of therapist involved is two and the duration is for forty five minutes.
The key conditions which the treatment addresses are;  
  • Facial Palsy.
  • Headache.
  • Insomnia.
  • Poor Memory.
  • Dermatitis of the Scalp.
  • Dandruff.
  • Neurological Disorder.
  • Paralysis.
  • Skin disorders such as Eczema.
  • Premature greying of hair.
Thalapothichi Ayurveda Treatment 
Thalapothichi treatment widely recommended by all Ayurveda Specialists and a popular treatment

A special paste made up of Amla, buttermilk and other ingredients cooked and made into a paste is applied to the head. After that it is covered with banana leaf and then with a cloth. Before and after the process a slight massage is given to the head with medicated oil. A hole is made at the centre of the paste and medicated oil is poured and held in it for around 30 min or perhaps more based on the judgment of the expert. Finally it is removed and a mild massage is repeated.
Beneficial Values  
  • Insomnia.
  • Low Blood Pressure.
  • Epilepsy and certain cases of insanity
  • Certain stages of mental retardation.
  • Chronic Sinusitis. Hair loss & greying.
  • Dandruff and for some diseases of the scalp.
Tharpana Ayurvedic Eye Therapy 
  Tharpana is an eye cleaning process and helps to improve eye sight, strengthens the optic nerve and prevents different eye diseases. In this treatment medicated oil is retained over the eyes by making an enclosure using an herbal mixture or gram paste, thereby not allowing the oil to ooze out. The medicated oil or medicated ghee is retained for at least 30 min and it starts the regeneration process. You will soon start to feel the cooling effect in the eyes.
Benefits of Tharpana  
  • Improves eyesight and cools your eye.
  • Accelerate brain function.
  • Treatment for Short sightedness and Long sightedness.
  • Prevents Degenerative Eye Diseases.
  • Good at improving memory.
  • For the treatment of Sinusitis.
  • Strengthens Optic Nerves.
Kativasthi/Urovasthi Ayurvedic Treatment 
Kativasthi is performed to treat chronic back problems and slip disc. The meaning of the Ayurvedic term Kati is central portion of the body and Vasthi means container.

Treatment Method
Using black gram dough an enclosure is made on the lower back part and lukewarm herbal oil is poured into this and retained. This

reduces the pain and strengthens the bone tissues. After half an hour this is removed and gently massaged with the same oil. The patient is then recommended to take rest for some time.
  • Osteo-arthritis of the hip.
  • Spinal disorders.
  • Inflammatory conditions.
  It is the treatment for the chest part of the body. A treatment prescribed for Asthma, other respiratory problems and muscular chest pain.

Treatment Method
A mixture of herbal oils is prepared and held in a well made of herbal paste. It is held there for about 30 to 45 minutes. The properties of the herbal oil will start acting on the blood and enriches it and strengthens the muscles and connective tissues.
  • Asthma.
  • Other Respiratory ailments.
  • Muscular Chest Pain.
  • Heart Diseases.
Gnavara kizhi (Ayurveda Body Treatment) 
Gnavara kizhi is a special massage to make your body perspire by the external application of certain gnavara (Ayurvedic term) or cooked rice in the shape of boluses tied in cotton or muslin bag, immersed in a mixture of warm milk and decoctions. It is a therapy that takes for about 60 to 90 minutes and involves two to four therapists. The time span of the treatment starts from one day and might last up to 14 days according to the conditions of the patient and as decided by the expert.

Treatment Procedure  
The whole process starts with application of oil to the whole body and then massaged with cotton cloth boluses filled with rice dipped in herbal decoctions and sweat is induced. The massage movement is from upwards to downwards and the temperature of the kizhi has to be maintained. The procedure is carried out on the patient in seven positions. It starts with the position of the person sitting in the upright position and some positions would be avoided in certain cases. 
Benefits of Gnavara Kizhi 
  • It strengthens nerves of the body.
  • It calms the minds and thereby reduces the stress.
  • It cures Rheumatic troubles.
  • Treats neurological disorders.
  • Reduces arthritis.
  • Rejuvenates skin and increases the beauty of the skin.
  • Acts against blood pressure.
  • Reduces cholesterol.
  • As a treatment for certain skin ailments.

Herbal Kizhi, Dhanya Kizhi, Egg Kizhi
In this form of treatment herbal powders, pulses, egg yolk, rocks etc are made into kizhi and applied to the body after dipping in warm medicated oils. The treatment course is for 45 minutes daily and extends up to 7 to 14 days (according to diagnosis)

Herbal Kizhi  
  In this therapy, Kizhi is prepared from herbal powders and applied to the body.
Dhanya Kizhi 
In this process Kizhi is prepared out of pulses and cereals and applied to the body.  
Egg Kizhi  
  In this treatment Kizhi is prepared out of herbal powder and egg and applied to the body
Rock Kizhi  
In this treatment Kizhi is made out of herbal powder and rocks and applied to the body.  
  • In the treatment of Osteoarthritis.
  • To cure muscle spasm.
  • In the treatment of Spondylosis.
  • Improves skin complexion.
  • In the treatment of sports injuries.
  • As a pain reliever in conditions like slip disc, sciatica, etc.
  • Improves the strength of the muscles.
  • Reduces chronic back pain.
  • As an anti-aging therapy.
  • Relieves cases of numbness.
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